Tutorial: Run gOS from a USB Stick

10 09 2008

A really great overview of how to run the gOS Gadgets Beta straight from a USB stick.

Presented by LINUX-TIP.NET

Step 1: Running the Live CD and getting Internet connection

To install gOS 3 Beta on your USB stick you need to download the iso image from here and to burn it to a CD-ROM using your favourite tool.

After that, allow your computer to start from your CD device and perform the necessary steps to change your network settings. (see pictures below). You will need an Internet connection to download additional software and configuration files.


Step 2: Preparing the USB stick

As mentioned above, we need to download additional files. Make sure to have your Internet connection running. Open a new console and use the following commands to download syslinux and mtools:

sudo su

apt-get update

apt get install syslinux mtools

Click image to open!Click image to open!

Connect your USB stick to the computer now. The most important part is to figure out the device name of your USB stick. Please use the following command to do so:

fdisk –l

We are using /dev/sdb in our example and will later create two partitions /dev/sdb1 and /dev/sdb2. You should use you device name accordingly.

Delete existing partitions (if necessary) and follow the steps below:

fdisk /dev/sdb, p, d

continue like this:

n, p, 1, <ENTER>, +750M, <ENTER>,

a, 1, t, b, n, p, 2 <ENTER>, <ENTER>, w.

In some cases the USB stick is already mounted. So unmount it with the following command:

umount /dev/sdb1

It is now time to format the partitions. Please use the commands below:

mkfs.vfat –F 16 –n gOS /dev/sdb1

mkfs.ext2 –b 4096 –L gOS–rw /dev/sdb2

Disconnect the USB stick from your computer and connect it again. The device is now ready to install the operating system. Create a new directory on the stick and mount the partition like this:

mkdir /media/gOS

mount -t vfat /dev/sdb1 /media/gOS

The following command will install the boot loader

syslinux –sf /dev/sdb1

Step 3: Copying the necessary files from CD-ROM to the USB stick

It is time to copy all necessary data from the CD ROM to the USB stick using the following commands:

cd /cdrom

cp –rfv casper dists install pics pool preseed .disk isolinux/* md5sum.txt README casper/vmlinuz /media/gOS

Finally download the configuration file from pendrivelinux.com like this:

cd /media/gOS

wget pendrivelinux.com/downloads/gOS/syslinux.cfg

Click image to open!Click image to open!

Reboot your computer and change the BIOS settings to allow to boot from your USB device. Configure languages and network again and your are able to use your Google Documents, Calendar and Mail.

Have fun! VISIT LINUX-TIP.NET

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